Goffs School Religious Studies


Sikhism was started in the 16th century in the Punjab, which is now part of both India and Pakistan. It was founded by Guru Nanak . Sikhs follow Nanak’s religious teachings as well as the 9 gurus who followed him. The most important thing in Sikhism is the how well the individual behaves ethically.

Important aspects of Sikhism

  • Sikhism is a monotheistic religion; Sikhs believe in one God.
  • Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak.
  • The Sikh’s worship in a Gurdwara
  • The Sikh book is the Guru Granth Sahib. It is consider a living religious teacher.
  • Sikhism stresses the importance of doing good actions ( being ethical) rather than merely carrying out rituals.
  • Doing good actions means a Sikh will:
      • always keep God in heart and mind
      • live honestly
      • work hard
      • treat everyone equally
      • be generous to the poor and neady
      • serve others (this is a religious duty)

Sikh men and women call their community the Khalsa.

The Five Ks

The Five Ks are symbols that identify members of the Sikh faith or Khalsa.

The five Ks are:

  • Kesh (uncut hair)
  • Kara (a steel bracelet)
  • Kanga (a wooden comb)
  • Kaccha – also spelt, Kachh, Kachera (cotton underwear)
  • Kirpan (steel sword)
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